What is Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy?
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) is a medical treatment by which 100% oxygen is administrated at greater than normal pressure to a patient in order to treat specific medical indications .Long established as the primary therapy in the treatment of medical disorders such as carbon monoxide poisoning and gas gangrene, Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy is now increasingly being used on an adjunctive basis in the management of a variety of disorders refractory to standard medical and surgical care (including cosmetic, fitness and spa related therapeutic applications).
Definition of hyperbaric Oxygen therapy:
The patient breathes 100% oxygen intermittently while the pressure of the treatment chamber is increased to greater than one atmosphere absolute (atm abs). Current information indicates that pressurization should be at least 1.4 atm abs. This may occur in a single person chamber (monoplace) or multiplace chamber (may hold 2 or more people). Breathing 100% oxygen at 1 atm abs or exposing isolated parts of the body to 100% oxygen does not constitute HBO2 therapy.Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is an AMA recognized medical treatment which enhance the body’s natural healing processes by inhalation of 100% OXYGEN in a total body chamber where atmospheric pressure is increased and controlled. It has been employed for more than three decades to treat a variety of medical conditions but is presently gaining widespread recognition for its value in new applications such as in the field of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery where it is being used for problems such as Acute and Chronic Maxillary and Alveolar Bone Osteomyelitis (NICO, Cavitational Lesion ).
How Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Works
In HBOT , the patient is place in a specially designed chamber. The pressure is increased and 100 % pure oxygen is breathed ( the air we normally breathe contains 19-20% ). HBOT treatment pressures are usually 2-3 times more than the normal atmospheric pressure. Therapy last from 1to 2 hours at full pressure, depending on the patient’s medical condition. During the process of HBOT , the patient’s cells become saturated with a far greater amount of oxygen than under normal pressure, exposing the entire body to pressurized oxygen ( up to 2000 %)
Benefits of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy
Oxygen is essential to any healing process. Through HBOT , the concentration of the oxygen dissolved in the bloodstream , is thus raised many time above normal ( up 2000 % ) Because of this high concentration of oxygen, HBOT is used to accelerate the healing process after oral Surgery , plastic surgery, wound care, burn victims, and may neurologic , orthopedic as well as emergency conditions and degenerative diseases . In addition to the blood, all the body fluids including lymph and cerebral-spinal fluid are infused with healing benefits of this molecular oxygen. It can reach bone and tissue which are not accessible to the4 red blood cells, enhance white blood cell function and promote the formation of new capillary and peripheral blood vessels This results in an increased control of infections and faster healing in a wide range of conditions. With HBOT , patients have remained free from opportunistic infections, experiencing relief from fatigue and maintain their body weight. It is important to emphasize, in addition to the specific purpose of its use, HBOT has shown to be particularly effective in the cosmetic and spa treatments such as rejuvenation.
When patients are placed in the HBOT chamber, they are carefully monitored by a medical attendant throughout the procedure.
What are the treatments like?
HBOT treatments include three phases:
- Compression : After the doors are closed, you can hear the compressing gas circulate.
- Treatment : Treatment begin when pressure reaches the prescribed level ( each medical condition has its own protocol of treatment) . During the treatment you may rest, sleep. Listen to music.
- Decompression : The attendant lets you know when the treatment is complete. The pressure then is slowly lowered at the rate which is comfortable.
What medical conditions and pathologies are treated with HBOT?
Accepted indications for HBOT involve a wide range of clinical conditions including:
- Emergency Indications and Specific Neurologic Indications
- Cancer, Radiation Necrosis, Burns, Cerebral Edema. , Gas Gangrene, Stroke, Multiple Sclerosis, Alzheimer’s Disease, Parkinson’s Disease.
- Surgical and Medical Indications
- Crush injuries, Soft Tissue Swellings, Acute and Chronic Osteomyelitis as Cavitational Lesion and Root Canal filled Tooth, Gangrene, Migraine, Rheumatoid Arthritis , Chronic Fatigue .
HBOT has clinically been proven with fourteen pathologies in the United States. It is approved by the FDA and AMA. HBOT safety standards are regulated by ASME.